16 Step Progression
A playtime course for children from 4 - 5 years where they go into the water unaccompanied by Mum or Dad.
The course is aimed at furthering confidence within the water. The leg actions for front and back crawl are taught, also jumping in and going under water, swimming through hoops, star floats and the teaching of the breaststroke leg action.
Progression is dependant upon the child being receptive enough to cope with the next course and having a good breaststroke leg action.
Children in this class are already able to carry out the correct breaststroke leg action and the aim of the course is to teach the arm action and work on the co-ordination of the full stroke.
Time is still spent on confidence exercises, blowing bubbles in the water with mouth and nose submerged, combing the front crawl leg action with the breathing and generally building confidence and having fun.
This class is for those children from 5 years who cannot yet carry out the stroke of the breaststroke correctly.
This course aims to teach the correct stroke for the breaststroke. Again confidence exercises are taught, including blowing bubbles with the whole face in the water, star floats, jumping in and treading water.
This is the course for those children who can swim with the correct stroke of breaststroke, (either supported or unsupported) but cannot yet swim a technically correct 100 metres breaststroke continually.
Time is spent on building up the confidence, technique and then stamina to achieve this distance.
Children in this class should be relaxed and at ease in the water.
Different floating positions are taught, along with front and back paddle, treading water unaided, jumping in out of their depth, push and glides, retrieving objects off the pool floor.
Children in this class are work towards an elementary level of front and back crawl , along with being asked questions on water safety, being taught star jumps and pencil jumps, underwater skills and the basics of sculling.
Dolphin leg kick on both the front and back are introduced, along with the frontcrawl and backcrawl skills being further developed (especially in terms of confidence).
Push and glides on the back and rolling onto the front, along with extending the length of time treading water and improving sculling technique.
Breaststroke with a glide is introduced in this class, along with straddle and pencil jumps, along with further developing the technique and body position on back crawl, and reinforcing the front crawl technique so that the breathing becomes more relaxed and therefore the stroke more confident.
Underwater skills are maintained and developed as is the dolphin leg kick.
Tucks and rolls are introduced in this class, along with further breathing control on all strokes and floats. The three main strokes, ie back crawl, front crawl and breaststroke with a glide will be further developed.
Further development of straddle jumps are worked on here, along with diving if the pool design allows.
The tucks and rolls previously learnt lead into pikes and handstands. The life saving leg kick is introduced in this level along with progressive development of the three main strokes and the dolphin leg kick.
Forward somersaults are introduced along with foot first sculling, the touch turn for front crawl and the racing starts (where pool design allows).
A greater distance on the three main strokes is worked on with the emphasis on technique.
This course is designed to further increase the distance swum in both crawl strokes and the breaststroke with a glide.
To compliment this the correct racing start for back crawl is taught along with the touch finish for the three main strokes. New skills introduced are the double arm action with the dolphin leg kick on the back and swimming in T-shirt.
The aim of this course is to consolidate the front and back crawl strokes building up the stamina so that 25 metres of both maintaining a technically correct stroke can be swum.
New skills introduced are handstands, removing a T-shirt while treading water, the breaststroke racing start, head and foot first surface dives and for the older child the introduction of butterfly.
This course is designed to consolidate skills to date in so much as swimming, surface diving and swimming underwater are now consecutive.
T-shirts are again worn during this course. New skills taught are the racing touch turns for the three main strokes, the Old English backstroke and bilateral breathing on the front crawl and performing a reach rescue.
Within the course children should be able to demonstrate the ability to throw a buoyancy aid to a target point in the pool, enter the water by means of a star jump, swim, surface dive and swim underwater. Side stroke will be swum while wearing T-shirt and shorts.
Time will be spent working to increase their stamina in both the front and back crawl strokes along with swimming an individual medley during which they perform a smooth transition between strokes and the correct finishes for all strokes.
Children reaching this level have gained a good all round level.
Many children upon completing Shark 3 go on to join swimming clubs to work on the speed aspect of swimming.
Within Shark 3 children will demonstrate the ability to throw a rope over 5 metres. To dive in (pool dimensions allowing) swim, tread water waving one arm, surface dive and swim underwater.
To then swim 100m of backcrawl and breaststroke and a minimum of 50m frontcrawl incorporating the correct starts, turns and finishes for all strokes and 25m of butterfly.
Finally to be able to perform a 4 x 1 length individual medley incorporating the appropriate transition between all strokes.